In addition to protecting your eyes from accidents, early detection and treatment of eye problems is the best way to keep your healthy vision throughout your life.
By age 65, one in three Americans has some form of vision-impairing eye disease. Most do not know it because there are often no warning symptoms or they assume that poor sight is a natural part of growing older.
In many cases, blindness and vision loss are preventable.
Some Eye Disease Facts
Much like your blood pressure, your eye has pressure too. When this intraocular pressure (IOP) exceeds its healthy pressure level, it would damage the optic nerve. This can result in decreased peripheral vision and if left untreated can eventually lead to blindness. Glaucoma is one of the leading causes of blindness in the United States, and the most common cause of blindness among African Americans. More than three million people have glaucoma, but half do not realize it because there are often no warning symptoms.
Approximately 24 million people in the United States have diabetes and nearly one-quarter of them do not know it. Diabetes is the leading cause of new blindness among adults and people with diabetes are 25 times more likely to become blind than people without it. By detecting and treating Diabetic Retinopathy early through annual, dilated eye exams, people with diabetes can preserve their sight.
Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD) is a medical condition which usually affects older adults that results in a loss of vision in the center of the visual field (the macula) because of damage to the retina. It occurs in “dry” and “wet” forms. It is a major cause of visual impairment in older adults. Macular degeneration can make it difficult or impossible to read or recognize faces, although enough peripheral vision remains to allow other activities of daily life. Age-related Macular Degeneration (AMD) is a leading cause of vision loss in people 65 years or older in the United States. It affects more than 10 million Americans according to the National Eye Institute.